Facts and Prevention

Concussion Prevention Resource Centre

Because of the contact nature of the game and the speed with which it is played, the brain is vulnerable to injury. Trauma may occur through direct contact to the head or face or indirectly through a whiplash effect. Injuries to the brain are characterized by an altered state of consciousness. It is the altered state of consciousness that is the key thing to look for with any head injury.

NOTE: Children are more sensitive to the effects of a concussion and may need to have a longer period of rest prior to returning to activity and the sport.

A concussion is a common injury, but since they cannot be detected on x-rays or CT scans, they have been difficult to fully investigate and understand. Fortunately, there have been many important advances in our knowledge of concussions, including how to identify, manage and recover from a concussion. Although concussions are often referred to as ‘mild traumatic head injuries’ and often resolve uneventfully, ALL concussions have the potential for serious and long-lasting symptoms and so must be treated carefully and in consultation with a physician.

Click here to link to the Coaching Association of Canada and test your knowledge around concussions.


What Causes a Concussion?

Concussions are brain injuries caused by the impact of the brain with the inside of the skull. The impact causes damage that changes how brain cells function, leading to symptoms that can be physical (headaches, dizziness), cognitive (problems remembering or concentrating), or emotional (feeling depressed). A concussion can result from a blow to the head or body in any number of activities including sports.

What happens to the brain inside the skull during a concussion?
CLICK HERE to find out.


Where Can I Learn About Signs And Symptoms?

» Hockey Canada Concussion Card
» Think First Canada

What Do I Do If I Think a Player Has a Concussion?

» Hockey Canada Concussion Card
» Think First Canada – For Coaches
» Think First Canada – For Parents


Return to Play Guidelines

» Hockey Canada Concussion Card

Nathan's Story



» Nathan's Story
» Poster


Prevention

Do Hockey Helmets Prevent Concussions?

Is there such a thing as a concussion helmet? The answer is a resounding NO! Helmets are important and very effective against localized head injuries such as skull fractures but they have limited effectiveness against concussions.

Suffice it to say that regardless of what you hear or read, concussion helmets do not yet exist. Reducing the concussion risk will require behavioural adjustments on many fronts.

Do Mouthguards Prevent Concussions?

Although the facemask does prevent dental injuries, it is still recommended that all players who play hockey wear an internal mouthguard. Dental injuries still occur despite the use of a facemask. Properly fitted mouthguards have been shown to significantly reduce dental and oral injuries in hockey. However, their role in preventing or reducing the severity of concussions has not been scientifically proven.

» CLICK HERE to view the Hockey Canada equipment fitting video.


How Can a Concussion Be Prevented?

Never Check To The Head –

Hockey Canada adopted a new penalty for the 2002-03 season that is enforced at all levels of play within hockey in Canada. The penalty is checking to the head, and it was hoped that the enforcement of this rule would address and lead to the reduction of concussions in hockey at all levels of play within Hockey Canada.

Never Hit From Behind –

Beginning with the 1985-86 season, Hockey Canada introduced a rule to eliminate checking from behind. With the implementation of rules, prevention and awareness Hockey Canada will continue to decrease the number of concussions in the game. But it takes more than this; it takes cooperation from all involved including parents to continue to enforce respect and safety in the game.

No Head Contact Rule

What constitutes head contact? What penalty will be assessed when head contact is called? CLICK HERE for the answers to these questions, and much more.


Neck Muscle Conditioning

» CLICK HERE


Skill Development

Here are some great skills to help to keep you be a stronger player and stay safe as a hockey player. To learn other great tips visit the new Hockey Canada concussion app! 
» watch drills


Team Meeting Resources

» download (pdf)

Step 2 - Rule awareness – Talk to your parents and players about the new rule against HEAD CONTACT, Click here to download great resources to help you PASS IT ON!

To learn more about concussions visit the Hockey Canada resource page Click here



Parents

Communicate With Your Son or Daughter

As a parent, one of the most important steps is to communicate with your son or daughter and explain to them why certain infractions are being emphasized. If you as a parent show frustration when a penalty is called so will your child. Be positive and avoid reacting negatively when a penalty is called.

Respect The Officials

As a parent you are encouraged to visit the Hockey Canada website to gain an understanding of the standard of play and rules emphasis initiative. CLICK HERE for more information on the standard of play.

Be patient with the officials as they refine their game management techniques in an effort to make the game safer and more exciting for the players. Also take the opportunity to read the Hockey Canada rule book and learn about the different rules of the game. CLICK HERE for the Hockey Canada rule book.

Next time you are at the rink, try watching the game from the perspective of the officials.

Work With Your Child’s Coach

As a parent, you are an important component of the team’s structure. Work with your child’s coach to support the rule emphasis and work with your coaches to teach the players what is expected of them. A major key is to encourage respect for the officials, their teammates and other players around them.

Check out www.hockeycanada.ca/apps, download the app and play safe.


Say No To Locker Boxing!

A new type of violence has found its way into amateur hockey and is cause for great concern within minor hockey in Canada. Locker boxing is an activity that takes place when players put their helmets and gloves on with the intention of punching each other in a vicious manner – often in the head area.

Hockey Canada does not condone this type of behaviour or any other type of fighting between players either on or off the ice. With increased awareness and education concerning concussions in sport, it is becoming more apparent that any type of blow to the head area has the potential to cause severe injury regardless of whether or not a player is wearing a helmet. Concussion injuries can cause lengthy loss of playing time and end players’ careers, and recent evidence suggests that the cumulative effects of multiple concussions can have a detrimental effect on the lives of young athletes in the long term.

Coaches and team leaders are asked to work to eliminate this type of behaviour both in the dressing room and in areas where this behaviour can potentially occur by implementing prevention plans and team rules against locker boxing and fighting, and by clearly defining these to all coaches, team managers, safety people and parents throughout the season. This, combined with player and parent education with respect to concussions, will help to eliminate this type of behaviour.

Another significant component of preventing this type of behaviour in the dressing room, or during any team function, is proper team supervision. Hockey Canada stresses the importance of players being supervised at all times during team activities to help ensure a safe environment. The Speak Out program outlines in detail important steps that must be taken to ensure adequate supervision of players.

Hockey Canada asks all involved with the game in leadership roles to assist in ensuring that this type of behaviour is eliminated and hockey continues to offer a safe, fun and positive experience for all involved. In an effort to provide Hockey Canada branches, minor hockey associations and leadership personnel responsible for the supervision of minor hockey teams with appropriate direction in dealing with this issue, this is a reminder that there are excellent resources available in the Speak Out program curriculum.

Minor hockey personnel are encouraged to visit the Hockey Programs section of the Hockey Canada website at www.hockeycanada.ca for more information on bullying, harassment and abuse.

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